How to Change a Diaper: A Step-by-Step Guide for New Parents

Welcoming a new baby into your family can be an exciting and overwhelming time. While there are many joys that come with being a parent, there are also many new skills to learn. One of the most essential skills every new parent needs to master is how to change a diaper. In this article, we will guide you through the process of changing a diaper step-by-step, from gathering the necessary supplies to disposing of the dirty diaper.

Supplies You Will Need:

Before you begin changing your baby’s diaper, it’s important to gather all the necessary supplies. Here’s what you’ll need:

  • Diaper
  • Baby wipes
  • Diaper rash cream (optional)
  • Changing pad or clean towel
  • Trash can or diaper pail

Step-by-Step Guide:

Step 1: Prepare the Changing Area

Find a comfortable, safe place to change your baby’s diaper. Lay out the changing pad or clean towel and make sure it’s secure. If possible, choose a spot that’s easy to clean in case of any messes.

Step 2: Position Your Baby

Lay your baby on their back on the changing pad or towel. Use a strap or your hand to keep them in place, especially if they are wiggly or active.

Step 3: Remove the Dirty Diaper

Unfasten the tabs on the dirty diaper and carefully lift it away from your baby’s bottom. Use the front of the diaper to wipe away any mess or excess moisture.

Step 4: Clean Your Baby

Using baby wipes, gently clean your baby’s bottom from front to back. If your baby has a rash or irritation, apply diaper rash cream as directed by your pediatrician.

Step 5: Put on a Fresh Diaper

Position a clean diaper under your baby’s bottom, making sure the back of the diaper is at their waistline. Pull the front of the diaper up between their legs and fasten the tabs on each side.

Step 6: Dispose of the Dirty Diaper

Roll up the dirty diaper and fasten it with the tabs. Place it in a trash can or diaper pail, being sure to cover the contents to contain any odor.

Step 7: Wash Your Hands

After changing your baby’s diaper, wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. This will help prevent the spread of germs and keep you and your baby healthy.

Tips and Tricks:

  • Always have extra diapers, wipes, and diaper rash cream on hand in case of emergency.
  • Keep a spare changing pad or towel in your diaper bag for on-the-go diaper changes.
  • If your baby is a boy, be sure to cover their penis with a clean diaper or cloth to prevent accidental spraying.
  • Make diaper changes fun for your baby by singing, talking, or playing a game.


Changing a diaper may seem daunting at first, but with a little practice, it will become second nature. Remember to take your time, be gentle and patient, and always wash your hands when you’re done. By following this step-by-step guide, you’ll be able to confidently change your baby’s diaper and keep them clean and happy.


Q: How often should I change my baby’s diaper?

A: It’s recommended to change your baby’s diaper every 2-3 hours or as soon as it becomes wet or soiled.

Q: What if my baby has a blowout?

A: Blowouts can happen, especially in newborns. If your baby has a blowout, gently clean them with wipes and place a fresh diaper on them. You may need to change their clothes as well.

Q: Do I need to use diaper rash cream every time?

A: It’s not necessary to use diaper rash cream every time you change your baby’s diaper. However, if your baby has a rash or irritation, your pediatrician may recommend using a cream or ointment to soothe and protect their skin.

Q: What should I do if my baby is fussy during a diaper change?

A: Some babies may become fussy or upset during a diaper change. Try to keep them calm by talking or singing to them, or distract them with a toy or book. You may also want to check if they are hungry or need a diaper change.

Q: How should I dispose of dirty diapers?

A: Dirty diapers should be disposed of in a diaper pail or sealed plastic bag. Be sure to keep them out of reach of pets and small children.

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